10 Best Practices to Achieve Quality@Speed with Continuous Integration

continuos integration

On 27th September 2016, Salesforce.com Inc. introduced a new e-commerce service, further to its $2.8 billion acquisition of Demandware Inc. The Salesforce Commerce Cloud is here to enable customers to set-up online storefronts, in-store tablets/kiosks, and further add commerce functions with software support delivered over the internet. According to research by Gartner, Salesforce faces stiff competition from Oracle Corp., SAP SE, and International Business Machines Corp., who are the biggies in this category.

Whether B2B or B2C, every business/enterprise needs pace for faster turnaround time and gain speed to market. Consequently, innovations and testing the effectiveness of these innovative features has to be done in real time. It doesn’t end there! Every consumer/enterprise application launched has to be tested for its performance and functional efficiency across diverse technology platforms, devices, and Operating Systems (OS).

Can Continuous Integration help?

So, how do you test the inevitable and test the most unforeseen BUG? Continuous Testing is a development practice, where developers need to relentlessly integrate the code into a shared repository during a day’s test plan. In order to allow development teams to detect problems way ahead, an automated build is created to verify each test incorporated.

Continuous Integration can help detect errors faster and resolve way ahead in the development process. If the continuous approach is not followed, it will take stretched periods between integrations, which makes fixing up these gaps a longer and an exceedingly stressful task. It will further reduce constant back-pedalling to identify issues and focus more on building various features.

Some obvious benefits that Continuous Integration brings to the table are:

  • A big ‘No’ to longer and stressful integrations
  • Enhanced visibility of the development process for better interaction and resolution
  • Identification of issues faster and resolution in real time
  • Low on Debugging, High on building
  • No wait and watch strategy to evaluate your code’s proper functioning
  • Deliver software on time with market-readiness

Continuous Integration comes with various key principles and best practices. The most important practice is, establishing the ritual of Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment. This eliminates the need to authorize and delegate from the top. It is automated and self-triggered.

So, while we gauge the benefits, let’s consider the best practices that Continuous Integration brings for enterprises that don’t just look at speed, but rather quality@speed.

  1. Continuous Integration enables Continuous Deployment

Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment are connected concepts and fundamentally refer to the software/application’s release in the Live environment with automated tests. With Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment you are not just reducing risks, but catching bugs in time and getting your software/application ready for the market.

Ultimately, when the risks get lowered, it helps prompt adaption to business requirements and the consumer demands. It further enables greater collaboration between Operations and delivery, maturing the release process for competitive advantage.

  1. Continuous Integration with the right approach

Continuous Integration is generally implemented with Agile, Test-Driven-Development (TDD) and Test Automation. If implement in this flow, Continuous Integration can prove to be an obvious fit for your development process and can help reduce the challenges for better results.

The idea is to adopt select an appropriate tool that fits the existing technology ecosystem that fits in effectively within your existing development environment. Continuous Integration helps build and integrate the software frequently. Moreover, it is recommended to execute unit tests as part of the overall integration process.

  1. Detect early, Resolve faster

Faster detection of issues/defects helps resolve the problems faster. If the integration and software development process does not incorporate testing, the overall cycle can go reverse that will further incur risks. When the development team strives to add new features to the code and detect bugs, the code’s health can go for a toss. At the same time if you have Continuous Integration server in the process, it helps you keep your software in a better shape.

  1. Segregate software builds from deployment

Continuous Integration helps you to completely separate the build and deployment process, where both are treated as independent activities with no specific dependencies. While the developer may focus on the build process, integration could be taken up a sole activity by the testing team. The Continuous Integration server can trigger a developer’s check in for integration and a tester’s check-in for deployment.

This helps kill the dependencies and enables dedicated attention. It helps to identify problems with the build at an early stage and move progressively towards getting the software in the production environment.

  1. Continuous Integration with Test Automation

Whether your enterprise has adopted Test Automation or is considering it for faster test cycles, Continuous Integration is here to enable you. When the recurring and repeatable tests are automated, it helps teams to deliver better and faster. Continuous Integration powered with Test Automation helps cut manual efforts and helps testing and development teams to look at the SDLC process more creatively.

When it comes to testing, identifying the failed codes is more important than bragging about the successful ones. It is bound to make your software/application stronger.

  1. Continuous Testing with Agile

Continuous Integration with an Agile methodology helps gain speedy delivery by ensuring quality. Project Managers and development teams are advised to implement continuous integration in the overall release management strategy. The overall SDLC process – write, build, integrate, test, debug and deploy can be complex.

The Agile process enables flexibility and helps teams go back and review the build for accuracy. This further helps improve delivery time and releases testers to look beyond the obvious in the process.

  1. Continuous Integration for transparency

At a broader level, Continuous Integration helps provide transparency to the overall Development and Quality Assurance (QA) process. It helps indicate failed tests and the reasons for that failure, which further helps in leading to some logical reasoning and required action for improvements.

  1. Continuous Testing for reduced bugs

Bugs and defects are an inevitable component of the SDLC process. With Continuous Integration the instances of bug accumulation gets reduced substantially. Thanks to the overall automation it provides, bugs are identified early and risks are reduced.

  1. Continuous Integration for Automated Regression Tests

Continuous Testing facilitates automated regression tests, where Test packages hosted in the QA repository can be maintained and implemented by multiple QA team members and executed whenever a new code is deployed to the environment.

When every new defect gets added to the automated test case, it becomes easy to effectively build a substantial regression testing suite. This enables automation of the regression tests and reduces the efforts of the testing teams.

  1. Smoke Tests with Continuous Integration

As mentioned earlier, Test packages written by QA and maintained with the Continuous Integration systems can help automate the build and test process. Further Smoke Tests can be written to monitor the production system and deliverables can be made available for a wider group by testing the software at various stages.

Continuous Integration comprises automated deployment, deployment scripts for testing every build to ensure that no code related issues arise in the production.

Gallop’s Test Automation Accelerator Kit (GTAAK) has been enabling end-to-end automation of applications across the SDLC to bring speed to market and enhance the quality of testing. Connect with our Test Automation leads to build QA best practices and gain quality with speed.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

How Test Automation can help Retailers save big bucks


Does anyone remember Circuit City? It was one of the top U.S. electronics retailers that went out of business in 2009, as it couldn’t address the new-age needs of the customers. It finally succumbed to its inability to respond smartly and skilfully to the growing popularity of online retailers like Amazon.com.

As consumer experience goes through a chain of transformations, the retail sector has to get geared up accordingly to deal with the changes. Traditional retailers and giants like Walmart have spent over a decade and innumerable billons to restructure and revamp their brick-and-mortar businesses to address the needs of the online shopper.

In August 2016, Walmart, world’s largest retailer and a predominant player in the big-box stores category announced its $3.3-billion-dollar deal with Jet, the year-old online bulk retailer. It has been cited as the largest deal ever for an e-commerce player. While the deal got sealed, Walmart management acknowledged that its online strategy was not generating the desired results and they required external technology and expertise.

At the same time, strong online brands like Amazon are taking a reverse route with a view to reinforce ‘Omni-channel’ retailing. Amazon created news when it opened its first physical bookstore in Seattle’s University Village. This practice has been observed across various online brands, who have opened their physical stores. The objective is to provide seamless experience to customers across physical, online, mobile interface. However, this poses additional challenge for retailers.

These are amongst the many challenges that the retail sector is facing in the wake of the evolving consumer demands and preferences. As some industry experts say, Out-of-the-box thinking for enhanced productivity and competitive advantage continues to remain a challenge for the retail sector. This is where technology comes to rescue, and when technology has to play an integral part, it needs to get tested for the desired performance.

Whether it is a brick and mortar outlet or an online ecommerce platform, IT has been enabling retailers to tackle market challenges and attend effectively to consumer demands.

What is the criticality of IT/technology in the Retail sector? In literal terms, technology works for you 24*7, which is not expected from a human.

  • Know your customer: While the customer shops at your store, goes to the billing counter and while the items get scanned at the Point of Sale (PoS), the retailer gets every possible data to know the customer better and predict the possible preferences. Segmentation of such purchase patterns further enables retailers to gauge the inventory flow that helps to order the required stocks and avoid any out of stock situation.
  • Planned approach: With the right technology platform in place, retailers get equipped with well-analysed information for enabling the business. This further helps get the right results within timelines. Leveraging the right Technology platform helps manage activities and strategize effectively across offline (physical stores) and online stores.
  • Omni-channel approach: Whether the customer is shopping online or offline, technology platforms help retailers to offer consistent and seamless experience. It further helps manage and control activities from a single dedicated space, which not only provides ease of business, but also turns out to be cost-effective.
  • Seamless customer experience: Ecommerce is rapidly evolving and posing innumerable challenges for the long established retail brands. One of the key factors that e-commerce players are able to offer is flawless and personalized online shopping experience. Online shopping portals are increasingly getting interactive and responsive to the customer needs – right from offering impressive options, ordering, immediate cancellations/exchange, and much more.

That’s why they say, online retail is here to transform, but IT/technology is its biggest Enabler.

Some of the key reasons why some retail biggies fail is that they are unable to harness the technology effectively. What works best is to on-board the required technical, implementation, and test automation expertise to make the technology platform work for you!

The digitally connected universe and the mobile-enabled consumer is changing the shape of the retail industry. The retail industry is exceptionally challenged with high operational overhead and lower profit margins. The overheads comprise, maintaining a chain of retail stores, where the profits expected could be absolutely miniscule. At the same time, IT systems are expected to provide the same levels of quality as across any other industry.

Considering some peculiar challenges that the retail domain has been facing, it demands a much more mature software Testing approach. A strong and seasoned testing partner can build an efficient Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) process that accelerates software development and build comprehensive testing strategy.

Some key testing challenges that the retail sector needs to address are:

  • Testing of legacy systems: What customer needs is a one-stop shop, where the retailer is big or small, it has to store massive loads of merchandise. Large retailers work with IT systems designed almost 20-30 years back, endlessly releasing software. This makes testing complex and test coverage not so effective. This requires end-to-end testing process to effectively test all applications.
  • Managing promotions: While the retailers promote various promotional coupons or activities, it is imperative to offer them online and manage the activities seamlessly across online and offline platforms, where the required IT applications need to get aligned and functional across multiple retails channels. If there is a delay or an error in configuring and testing the applications, it can adversely impact time-to-market. This requires continuous testing for efficient performance and desired outcome across platforms.
  • Online security & Mobile POS Security: There is an increasing need to establish secure presence across the online platforms. This requires secure software development practices and testing practices that create a security testing framework and tools to make the web/mobile interface secure for the customers.

Moreover, the increasing number of POS applications, POS credit card enabled mobile apps, credit card reader devices, and NFC technology, demand thorough security checks for the core infrastructure. There is an additional need to conduct 24*7 application testing across all retail POS applications.

Independent software testing with effective implementation of Test Automation Center of Excellence (CoE) is the need of hour.

Considering there is a constant need to conduct tests across technology platforms and devices, automating tests for effective and consistent results is a much needed approach. The marketplace is flooded with licensed as well Open-Source test automation tools to accelerate time-to-market and ensure quality with cost-effectiveness. In addition, automating the tests further helps ensure performance of the applications that are expected to give recurring results across stores, e-portals, etc.

One of the leading home furnishing and décor retailers in US teamed up with Gallop’s Test Automation experts to reduce their overall testing efforts with improved quality to deliver enhanced customer experience. The retailer needed a mechanism to establish best QA practices to ensure superior experience for its end customers and most importantly sustain in the rapidly evolving retail scenario.

Gallop leveraged the right combination of tools, best practices, and test methodologies to meet business objectives of the client. Our reusable solution assets further helped to cut the engagement costs over a period of time. The client was able to reduce the testing budgets by 30% by leveraging Gallop’s Retail CoE expertise. Gallop takes precedence in providing Test Automation services and has built a dedicated Automation Center of Excellence (ACoE) that is backed by a decade of experience in executing test automation engagements for global clients.

At Gallop, we have been working with leading enterprises in North America and have served Fortune 500 enterprises & ISVs. Enterprises operating across industries have being leveraging Gallop’s Advisory and IP-led Independent Software testing services to gain higher ROI from their Quality Assurance initiatives.

Connect with us for a comprehensive Test Automation strategy that empowers you to not only reach faster to market, but also sustain profitably in the immensely demanding Retail sector

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

Can Test Automation really help build sound Embedded Devices?



Tech portals are exploding with stories about Samsung Note7’s recall and exchange programs, which has led to Samsung’s stock plunging with losses as much as $14.3 billion (source: MarketWatch). The Korean electronics giant is now officially in talks and has already started working with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) for the recall and has recommended Note7 owners to switch off their devices and stop charging them.

As the investigation of the phenomenal recall progresses, Samsung UK stated, “Based on our investigation, we learned that there was an issue with the battery cell. An overheating of the battery cell occurred when the anode-to-cathode came into contact which is a very rare manufacturing process error.”

The disruptions caused by this disaster have been startling. For the records, a person’s Jeep reportedly got destroyed after Note7 explosion, while a 6 year old got severely injured. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has issued a strict warning to the airlines about the device.

New devices and gadgets are enthusing consumers every hour. If not literally speaking, a consumer can witness a new gadget launch every millisecond. Who can imagine that the new consumer friendly gadget lying in your Jeep or near your pillow could be lethal?

Maybe not just in sync, but a disaster like this amplifies the urgency of testing Embedded devices for robust framework and ultimately a market-ready product. When the competition is biting in and performance is everything, devising the best testing strategy seems to be the only way out!

What are Embedded Devices and where do we find them?

Embedded device is generally part of a system that serves a higher purpose. It is a specialized device meant to fit into one or specific few systems. Embedded devices or systems hold tremendous relevance and applications across various domains, namely, commercial, consumer, industrial, health-care, automotive, defence, and many more.

Embedded devices or systems can be found across product segments. It can be part of a heart rate monitor implanted within a wristwatch, which can be connected to a smartphone to display your heart’s health and in emergency situations alert your nearest contact with a call or message. A fitness band on your wrist that tracks your body movements and calories burned for a detailed health record.

While these were instances of some everyday examples, where they help connect human and machine behaviour, embedded systems implanted within home and kitchen appliances can communicate between each other. For instance, the refrigerator can notify the users that there is no milk or the vegetables are getting over. Specifically, Embedded systems make consumer devices smarter.

Nonetheless, its application as mentioned earlier cannot be confined to a particular domain. Embedded systems are designed particularly with some specific functionalities. They can be found in any/every device, right from smart cars, pacemakers, artificially intelligent drones, to the avionics in current day fighter jets/airplanes.

Testing Automation, not just for experience…for Excellence

With modern day smart devices dominating our everyday existence, testing these devices for a safe and sound interface is more than critical. Cars are being designed every second hour to get smarter and expectantly better. What if there is a software glitch and in midst of a stormy drive, the sensors stop and the system is unable to alert you about the tree log approaching your vehicle? Resulting in a sudden crash!

Embedded devices can be found in Avionic systems, Telecom, Logistics, Industrial, Medical, and many more Smart Devices. This shows the impact of testing Embedded devices to ensure excellence and seamless functionality.

Experts claim that the core concepts around automated testing for Embedded system is almost in line with its application for any other software. The specifics may vary from application to application or across platforms, but the underlying principles remain in line. At least, not radically different. Developers/Testers are known to look for patterns that can enable both while Coding and Testing, respectively. A similar pattern can be found while testing Embedded systems. How do you identify these patterns, is a puzzle that Test Automation solves.

Though Test Automation for embedded systems is broadly similar to many other applications, it is influenced by issues that are impacting the embedded world. To cite a few:

  • No specific design for testing
  • Resource and time constraints
  • A range of deployment architectures
  • Indefinite perspectives on implementation
  • Still evolving quality & certification parameters/standards
  • Access to execution platforms and multiple environments
  • Gap between the application development and actual execution platform

Implementing Test Automation can work wonders in accelerating the overall process. It can help improve the development process, which can be a task in the initial phase. It proves to be an absolute pay-off in the long run. It can be executed faster and in a recurring manner, which turns out to be cost-effective for products where performance has to be checked under various situations.

Specifically, in an Agile environment it helps to keep going back and repeating the tests to ensure functionality. It further helps in enhancing the test coverage.

While testing Embedded systems, the consistency of the behaviour/outcome needs to be tested. Automating the tests, brings efficiency and helps get results consistently with repeated tests. Test automation provides a reliable platform for your testing needs.

Simulating a particular user environment can be downright helpful in testing Embedded devices. Though its benefits are yet to be established, executing automated tests under an emulated environment can help derive close to reliable results of the system’s functioning. Repeated tests can be executed in a particular set-up to get results and confirm the system’s functional aspects and performance.

Test Automation helps you attain quality and at the same time helps you get your product faster to the market. The need to be there before the consumer asks, is every brand’s dream, but at the cost of compromising quality, security, safety?

iPhone7 has just stepped out of its cradle, but the market is already buzzing with rumours around iPhone8. That’s the pressing need of the hour!

Gallop’s test automation strategy enables enterprises to increase release velocity, reduce time to market and reduce overall testing effort resulting in significant return on investment (ROI). Connect with our experts to leverage the Automation Center of Excellence (ACoE) backed by a decade of experience in executing test automation engagements for global clients & a large pool of test automation experts.








The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

How to Amplify the Impact of Virtual Reality with a Robust Test Strategy?

How to amplify the impact of Virtual Reality with a robust Test strategy

Beyond the usual, today Virtual Reality (VR) is being leveraged to generate empathy. Unicef is leveraging VR to convey the quantum of work and the intensity of the crisis situation, which goes beyond just reading stories and viewing images. It is being considered as an immensely powerful tool to generate support and give human voice to the initiatives undertaken by Unicef around the world. A very recent instance is the Syrian refugee crisis and the work done around it.

This validates and establishes the impact of VR, which goes beyond mere gaming and infotainment. 2016 has been considered by experts and analysts as the breakthrough year for the VR industry. According to Deloitte, the industry is estimated to break the $1 bn barrier for the first time. Goldman Sachs forecasts that the VR market worth can grow up to $80 bn by 2025 as the opportunities get bigger and bigger.

With some globally popular brands setting their foot in the space, VR is getting its share in the mainstream. Samsung launched its Gear VR headset, Facebook is creating buzz with its Oculus Rift, HTC’s Vive has released, and there are many more to come our way. While these are some high-end options, there are some cheap options available to give that ‘experiential’ value to the interested folks.

How well it is going to be embraced in the mainstream, boils down to its acceptance levels. Any new technology when introduced in the market tends to be costly and sometimes exorbitant. However, there are brands that believe in offering the audience a test drive with the new technology.

Testing and experience goes hand in hand for Google Cardboard. It is giving users the edge to experience VR on a low-cost platform, which has been questioned by VR enthusiasts.

So be it!

Experiential approach in testing goes way ahead in the technology curve to create enthusiasm and drive acceptance for any novel concept. It is a much needed step to sustain the interest in the nascent VR market.

Interestingly, The New York Times is embracing the idea, as it will distribute over a million Google Cardboards with its Sunday print subscribers. This is a classic instance of how Media whether traditional or new always helps and propagates the idea of ‘testing the NEW’.

While testing the device is one thing, testing the applications is of greater significance. Google Cardboard has come up with some applications like, Cardboard Camera App that facilitates a stereoscopic panorama to view with Google Cardboard. Similarly, Orbulus is a must-have VR smartphone app that takes you around the globe with a massive 216MB download. These are some extremely striking examples of applications that are mostly free and out there in the marketplace to test consumer behavior and response.

Likewise, there are simple tools in the marketplace for techies to test the readiness of the PC for VR. For example, SteamVR Performance Test is a simple tool that helps evaluate your PC’s compatibility with the VR application. Alternatively, experts are considering and evaluating the use of Test Automation with required mix of Unit tests, Acceptance tests, and Regression tests of the code.

With a market that promises growth and serious investment at the same time, what makes testing these applications so critical? Specifically, how critical is testing for a VR app?

Testing essentially confirms the correct or expected behavior of any particular application or device at hand. VR applications are expected to, and are practically being implemented across various industry domains. Testing of VR applications has its own nuances, due to its complexity and aspects pertaining to human-machine interface.

Manual Testing is considered for evaluating the application’s user interaction and automated testing is implemented for internal application components. Manual tests specifically help to gauge the user’s interaction with the applications and whether it leads to the desired outcome.

User interfaces for VR applications are much more complex and must consider a different testing approach. It does not implement usual interaction handler to process the data from the device; alternately, it processes the device’s input directly. The purpose behind this is to comprehend the overall impact of the environment on the device and how all this assimilates for the user in the virtual environment. In order to process such high degree of interaction and weigh the input and corresponding output, automating a chunk of tests is absolutely indispensable.

Experts say that there is no specific or accepted pattern for automated testing of VR applications. Currently, the industry is implementing existing software engineering practices and applying them for testing VR applications. Considering the high intensity of human-machine interface, conventional testing processes can fall short of meeting the requirements.

What is recommended, is a comprehensive testing architecture that addresses specific issues concerning the testing needs for VR applications.

A number of companies across sectors are integrating their VR applications within their sphere of work. For instance, Ford designers and engineers are leveraging VR to test elements of new cars and have been saving around $8 million in a year. Airbus is using it for showcasing Demo for customers. On the critical end, Surgeons at UCLA are implementing Surgical Theatre’s medical VR technology and Oculus Rift to test-run some extremely sensitive surgeries before the actual operation.

All thanks to the diverse and widespread application of VR, today it is being leveraged by leading global institutions like Unicef to showcase their work to corporate partners, foundations and philanthropists to garner the required support for a much larger cause.

Gallop Solutions has been empowering enterprises and brands to increase release velocity, reduce time to market and cut overall testing effort, resulting in higher return on investment (ROI). Gallop Test Automation Accelerator Kit (GTAAK) comprises of pre-built test automation scripts, utilities, process assets and frameworks, and has helped enterprises to implement successful test automation initiatives. Contact us to know more.


The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

How Test Case Automation Fast-tracks Test Life Cycle Automation

How Test Case Automation Fast-tracks Test Life Cycle Automation


A recent Gartner report states that the demand for Enterprise Mobile Apps is estimated to surpass existing Development Capacity Five to One. Likewise, by the end of 2017, market demand for Mobile Application development service will rise almost 5 times faster than the organization’s in-house IT team’s capacity to develop and deliver them. It further forecasts that the soaring sale of mobile devices will shoot up the demand for applications in the enterprise.

This further reinforces the significance of testing and getting your application / software up to the mark for the ever-greedy and ever-demanding marketplace. Whether it is an enterprise or an individual, everyone is hungry for more features and a more secure interface. Every application and business idea is an opportunity to consider.

Consequently, it is imperative for businesses to accelerate and automate the testing mechanism and ensure flawless product / application. The sheer purpose is to make it effective in terms of costs, time, and efforts. With rising demand and opportunities in the market, applications have to be developed within shrinking timelines and at the same time it is necessary to optimize the existing manpower.

In order to answer this ever challenging situation, experts are today advising and progressing towards Automated Testing.

Automation drives growth and it follows manual testing. While there could be couple of Manual testing rounds done, Test automation entails the use of specific software to the check the execution of tests and compare the actual outcome alongside the predicted outcomes. The key and compelling aspect about Test automation is that it mechanises recurring but mandatory tasks by implementing standardized testing processes / tools.

Test automation is critical for continuous delivery and continuous testing. It further plays a pivotal role in establishing a reliable and robust testing architecture. At the same time it focusses on constantly enhancing quality with minimal efforts and shorted schedule.

So, as the Young Turks say, why work hard, when you can ‘Work Smart’?

Test Automation is increasingly getting popular, as it reduces the development schedule and consistently provides each software build. So, the underlying objective of this methodology is to connect the user and the testing team way ahead in the design and development cycle and further enhance the end software / application. Additionally, it ensures that the user’s requirements and specifications are considered to address the remotely possible risks in the development cycle.

What are the typical steps for Automation of Test Life Cycle Methodology (ATLM)?

  1. Automation feasibility analysis
  2. Test Plan/Design
  3. Environment Setup
  4. Test Script Generation/Automation test case Generation
  5. Test script execution
  6. Test result generation & Analysis


The ATLM methodology necessitates an organized approach that puts across a process to strategize and initiate testing. Consequently, with this, the test team can escape those commonly committed test program errors such as:

  • Executing an automated test tool without a testing strategy or process, which makes it impossible to measure and evaluate the impact of testing.
  • Implementing a test design without considering any standard processes, resulting in test scripts that cannot be repeated and could further enable improvisation of the build.
  • Implementing the wrong tool or develop an exhaustive test tool.
  • Striving 100% automation of test requirements, when tools developed in-house are not able to support automation of all tests.
  • Allocating inadequate time for setting up the test tool and introducing the same in the learning curve.
  • Involving the test engineer at a later stage in the application-development lifecycle results in unformed approach towards automating the process and the application ends up being incompletely tested. This compromises on the quality.

With constant iterations / enhancements to the software applications, specifically Desktop / Mobile applications, automated software testing brings in accuracy and consistency to the software with each build. Moreover, the methodology helps develop and manage test data and test environment to further include problem reports. The fundamental motive is to reduce the time cycle and enable faster turnaround time for commercial viability.

Is your organization considering a robust and well-defined Automation Testing strategy? Gallop’s team of experts have collaborated with small and big enterprises globally to enable them with a Test framework, which has resulted in faster time-to-market without compromising on the quality.

Join us for a Webinar on ‘Accelerating Digital Transformation Journey with Digital Assurance QA’ on 20th July 2016, 11AM EST by Sai Chintala, Senior Vice President, Global Pre-Sales. Reserve your slot here.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

Accelerating Time to Market through Next-Gen Test Automation

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Accelerating time to market has become the standard requirement for the organizations across all verticals and domains. With Agile and DevOps taking the center stage for the software development process, it is becoming very important to assure higher quality to the applications. Next-gen test automation can provide the necessary catalyst for the organizations looking to achieve their goals in the era of CI, CD and CT.

Quality is the most important factor when it comes to gauging the success of the software application as it is directly related to the customer experience. Continuous delivery and agile execution strategy for your software application need to have software testing as the central element to ensure that your goal is met.

So how do you achieve this?

Agile and DevOps has made it easy to a certain extent by bringing developers, testers, operations team, product owners and the business on the same discussion table. As the features get decided by the product managers, the quality and risk of those features are also being discussed and developers and testers can decide on the right unit testing and test automation framework needed to have that perfect deliverable. You surely do not want to Ship the broken code quicker to market right. That’s when the Next-gen automation framework helps you achieve your goal.

It becomes really difficult for the organizations to go the manual testing way if they want to adhere to their goal of Quick time to market. Creating, executing and maintaining manual tests can be a real pain especially at scale. Also with consistent pressure for the business to deliver the features quick, it can be a really stressful situation for the manual testers and the end result cannot guarantee the result which is expected. This puts test automation as the central element of your Continuous delivery approach towards quicker time to market.

With plethora of testing tools available in the market, it is important that your test automation framework adapts to the needs of the software application requirement. It needs to be dynamic and flexible at the same time to deliver the ultimate goal. The right test automation framework binds all the elements together and makes sure that the various CI, CD and testing tools are integrated to handle the large volume of data, test results as the application grows. It should also give quick insights into what is going wrong, why it went wrong and how to fix it without spending significant amount of time.

The right test automation framework encompasses various factors like scope of test automation, scalability of the approach, extent of reusability, and more importantly the metrics to measure the success of your test automation. At the same time, it needs to be comprehensive enough to encompass the code analysis, unit, functional, performance, regression and stability tests, usability analyses for the all the features of the software application or app.

At Gallop, we strive hard to achieve this by having a 35000 feet view for the CIOs of the company as well as various other stakeholders. Below is the typical screenshot of the typical metrics we measure for Test Automation with our In-house CIO Dashboard tool.

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Going forward, Agile & DevOps are going to be de facto standard for the software development process. With this, the next-gen test automation framework and IP led accelerators will drive the testing transformations across industries. At Gallop, we have a continuous test delivery platform and right test accelerators to ensure you meet your goal. Contact us if you are looking to Accelerate Time to Market for your next-gen application or mobile app.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

Test Automation & Agile Test Quadrants

Test Automation & Agile Test Quadrants

This blog briefly discusses the relationship between Test automation and Agile Test Quadrants.

Test automation is generally defined as “the use of special software (separate from the software being tested) to control the execution of tests and the comparison of actual outcomes with predicted outcomes.”

Agile Test Quadrants (introduced by Brian Marick and further worked upon by Lisa Crispin) try to understand the relationship between the various forms of tests using 4 different quadrants:


  1. Quadrant 1: Technology-facing tests that support the team
  2. Quadrant 2: Business-facing tests that support the team
  3. Quadrant 3: Business-facing tests that critique the product
  4. Quadrant 4: Technology-facing tests that critique the product

Using the Quadrants help you accomplish goals related to supporting the team, critiquing the product, and meet the business and technological needs.

Following are some details on what each quadrant is made up of, what tools might be used in each, and what is the purpose of each.

Q1 – Technology-facing tests that support the team

Q1 is associated with Automated testing, and covers the tests such as Unit tests, API tests, Web Services testing, and Component Tests. The main benefit of this quadrant is that these tests help improve the design without adversely affecting the functionality. The main objective is to improve the Quality of the product by means of proper source code management, and a seamlessly integrated development environment. A few tools used are TeamCity, Eclipse, xUnit, IntelliJ Idea, etc.

This is a very important quadrant as it helps teams get together to identify the pain points. In case you cannot cope up with the activities of this quadrant, managing the other quadrants will prove to be even more difficult.

Q2 – Business-facing tests that support the team

Q2 is associated with Automated & Manual testing, and covers tests such as Functional Testing, Story Tests, Prototypes, and Simulations. Q2 helps formulate the right set of questions and thus drive tests that are properly aligned with the business. Q2 thrives in an iterative environment, where skilled testers collaborate with clients and understand the responsibility of delivering a quality product. Q2 involves a lot of brainstorming sessions, and thus MindMap may be used as a regular tool along with Visio for flow diagrams.

Behavior-driven development tools and frameworks as Cucumber, and easyB, and UI testing tools/libraries/frameworks such as Selenium, QTP, Robot Framework, etc. also serve as good tools of use.

Q3 – Business-facing tests that critique the product

Q3 is associated with Manual testing, and covers tests such as Exploratory Testing, Scenario-based Testing, Usability Testing, User Acceptance Testing, and Alpha/Beta testing. Q3 is about evaluating the Product and its use by means of demos, feedback, checking the actual user experience, etc. Q3 involves critical thinking and in depth observation of multiple scenarios (usability, API, Web), etc.

While Q3 may use some of the tools used in Q2, it involves a lot more intuition and critical thinking along with interaction with customers. In addition, it also requires the use of Simulators and Emulators.

Q4 – Technology-facing tests that critique the product

Q4 is associated with Automated Tools, and covers tests such as Performance & Load Testing, Security Testing, and ‘*ility’ testing – Stability, Reliability, Scalability, Maintainability, Compatibility, etc. Q4 tests are performed based on priorities – they may begin early in the SDLC phase, or be introduced later on. Some common examples of tools used in Q4 are jConsole, jProfiler, Loadrunner, jMeter, jUnitPerf, etc.


The common ingredient in all the 4 quadrants is the need of a team working together towards a common goal of achieving the best product quality and optimum customer satisfaction.

If you are a large organization trying to implement an automation strategy, contact Gallop’s team of test automation experts. Our tool agnostic test automation framework consists of a huge library of keywords that help you build your tests quickly and efficiently, and seamlessly integrate with leading commercial and open source tools.

Mobile testing in agile environment

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

8 Things to Define for Successful Large Scale Test Automation Implementation

8 Things to Define for Successful Large Scale Test Automation Implementation

Though automation testing does not look a very lucrative or a viable option first hand due to the costs involved with regards to setting up the environment or the tools themselves – in the long run, its benefits surely surpass the initial hiccups. That said, like there’s a method for every madness, to maximize your ROI using Test Automation, you need to have a very specific plan of action.

Kalyan Rao Konda, President of Gallop — one of the largest companies that specialize in providing testing services — told Joe Colantonio in an exclusive interview that while people usually approach test automation from a technical aspect, and they actually forget the business side of it.

Kalyan also mentioned that more often than not, the “large product development companies and also in large enterprises like banks, insurance and healthcare, … (are) organized in business units by product development groups.” This results in everybody approaching automation in their own way using different set of tools, which creates an atmosphere of inconsistency.

So, what really might constitute the best way of implementing test automation so as to maximize ROI? To start with, the following need to be defined to achieve the target:

  1. Define the Product Roadmap: Kalyan again says that before organizations begin automating anything, they must ensure that they have an end goal in mind. There should be absolute clarity on what do the organizations need to automate, lest there be confusion and chaos around the whole process and the efforts prove to be a big scale failure. The effort being put in towards test automation must not be treated as an afterthought, but rather it must be given due importance at the beginning of a project itself.
  2. Define the Test Process: To meet the roadmap defined, a clear definition of the test process is a must. This process must be defined keeping in mind the risks, costs, and trainings involved while implementing test automation.
  3. Define the Framework: Whether an organization selects a data-driven or a keyword-driven framework, or a mix of both, defining and selecting the framework will have a definite and a positive impact on your ROI as it will help you implement the roadmap you defined earlier.
  4. Define the Tools to be used: While testers can choose from a wide variety of solutions, erroneous decisions regarding the test automation tools can lead to effects that may not be reversible. Hence, selecting the right tools is a business-critical requirement for ensuring successful test runs. All variables such as integration capabilities, installation requirements, overall cost, maintenance, and compatibility with the testing environment must be kept in mind while deciding upon a tool.
  5. Define the scope of Script Management: The scope of script management usually hovers around the broad areas of standard processes that are well documented, logging the errors that are generated, and most importantly testing if the script written is able to withstand unexpected behaviours.
  6. Define the Manual Effort still required: Automation is an end result of a lot of manual activities such as script and test case writing, setting up the machines and then selecting the tests, and once the test is run – analyze the results. These are by no means tasks that can be done in a jiffy, and need to be planned for – both in terms of costs and efforts.
  7. Define the Testing Team: If an organization understands the importance of the manual effort required, it must then give due diligence while planning the work and effort estimation with regards to the team size and the skills required for the implementation of test automation.
  8. Define what will be the True Measure of your success: A few good examples of this definition may include measuring benefits such as faster go-to-market time, improved ROI, or, on the other hand, that the number of bugs have increased.

Defining the above surely requires a lot of forethought being given to their execution, test automation implementation at an organization so that the efforts do not go in vain.

If you are a large organization trying to implement an automation strategy, Contact Gallop’s team of test automation experts and our tool agnostic test automation framework that consists of a huge library of keywords that helps you build your tests quickly and efficiently, and seamlessly integrates with leading commercial and open source tools.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

4 Steps for a Rapid Test Automation Assessment

4 Steps for a Rapid Test Automation Assessment

In today’s competitive business environment, enterprises and organizations need to assess the best way to implement test automation for their different projects. This has created an awareness regarding the value that automated software testing can bring.

A properly established test automation methodology brings in predictability, repeatability, and agility, and thereby drives software development to a higher degree of quality. Test Automation Assessment helps analyze whether or not an application needs to be automated. Based on certain criteria, recommendations are made that help decide whether an application really needs to be automated, and the benefits that may thus be achieved. Test automation assessment is usually performed either for clients with an existing test automation framework, or for clients with a need for a new test automation framework.

However, to consistently develop best quality applications, organizations need to continuously test the automation process. Rapid Test Automation Assessment (RTAA) is a commonly used approach that helps organizations test the process.

What is a Rapid Test Automation Assessment?

If the test automation assessment is to be completed within shorter timelines than the normal time frames, RTAA becomes a necessity.

RTAA refers to a fast analyses and implementation of a TAF that fits in a small environment, specifically created based on the criticality of the test cases.

4 Steps for a Rapid Test Automation Assessment

  1. Understand the Existing System: This involves assessing the current state of quality assurance and testing practices being followed. An initial understanding of the system, their technology, processes and testing information will be taken up as part of the assessment. An overall understanding of the system is known through understanding of the objectives, a know how of their technology stack is taken up, user flows will be identified, and analysis of the manual test cases if any will be taken up.
  2. Assessment: Usage of the tools and the extent of their automation readiness approach will be determined in this step. A requirement traceability matrix analysis is prepared that details the extent of test cases, business requirements, and details of the functional requirements and areas of quality improvement. Tool feasibility and confirmation along with automation ROI analysis is also taken up as part of the assessment approach. But most importantly, the top few of the most business-critical test cases are identified.
  3. Conduct a Proof of Concept (POC) to Validate Feasibility: This phase consists of implementing a TAF for the environment and executing only the selected critical test cases for conducting a POC. The POC will help identify financial and operational benefits and provide recommendations regarding the actual need for complete automation.
  4. Recommendation & Implementation: Specific test automation tools, automation feasibility, and automation approach will be clearly defined in this phase.

The key assessment focus areas are automation framework, automation integration and its fitment in the SDLC. In automation framework focus area, reusable function libraries, test object maps, exception, error handling etc. will be detailed. In the automation integration focus area, test management,  source code repository, defect management, continuous build management etc. will be defined. In the fitment in SDLC focus area, details like existing /target automation coverage, metrics, test prioritization etc. will be detailed.

Outcome of the Rapid Test Automation Assessment                                                          

The outcome of this rapid test automation recommends appropriate automation strategies and executes them to enhance testing quality, reduce testing effort, schedule and ensure return on investments. An extensive report of the process, tools and people will be given. Predictions for effective project management, simple details on the response and need for continuous involvement with business teams and the need to absorb changes suggested by business will be defined. Implementation of tools to effectively track defects and a well defined test strategy document covering all aspects of testing needs will be provided.

Gallop Solutions is an independent software testing service provider in the U.S, with more than a decade of experience. Gallop’s team of automation testing experts designed test automation frameworks which consist of a huge library of keywords that helps you build your tests quickly and efficiently. Our tool agnostic test automation framework seamlessly integrates with leading commercial and open source tools. Contact Gallop’s team of test automation experts today to know more about rapid test automation assessment as we have performed it for many of our clients.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.

Web Services Test Automation: Framework, Challenges & Benefits

Web Services Test Automation: Framework, Challenges & Benefits

Web services provide a standard means of interoperating between software applications running on a variety of platforms and frameworks. These services form basis of a connection technology such that services are connected together into a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Further, services communicate with each other using web services, the most used connection technology of SOA. Web services effectuate a standardized way of integrating web-based applications using XML, Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), Web Services Description Language (WSDL), and UDDI open standards over an internet protocol. A Web service is offered by an electronic device to another electronic device, communicating with each other via the World Wide Web. It is also true that a failed web service creates havoc not only to the managers but also to the administrators who are responsible for the server’s wellbeing. A failure also causes problems to the clients trying to call the particular web service.

The most important primary elements of web services are repository, messaging, and service. Since web services are distributed over networks and applications, the testing requirements need to be inclusive of the interfaces. Web services are inherently vulnerable to additional risks in the areas of integration and interoperability. They can be implemented using any programming language on any platform, provided that a standardized XML interface description called WSDL is available. A standardized messaging protocol called SOAP is also used at the same time. Web services often run over HTTP but may run over other application layer transport protocols as well. Automating web services testing facilitates reduction of overall testing efforts.

What are the challenges faced by Web Services?

  • Lack of assurance of trustworthiness
  • Improper provision of client’s input parameters might be a major challenge
  • Malicious users can manipulate the different parameters at times to draw unauthorized information
  • Unavailability of source code is a major challenge to white-box testing

Web Services Testing

Web services provide seamless connections from one software application to another over private intranets and the Internet. Web services’ testing considers functionality and load aspects to check how a Web service performs for single clients and scales as the number of clients accessing it increases. Testing of Web services is useful to prevent late detection of errors, which requires complex and costly repairs. Testing enables the detection of errors, evaluation, and approval of system qualities at an earlier stage. An automated test approach in particular helps to efficiently repeat tests whenever needed. In particular, test automation will be essential to a sound and efficient Web services development process, for the assessment of the functionality, performance, and scalability of Web services.

Web Services Testing includes the following tasks:

  • Generate the client or skeleton code for the web service
  • Define the required test inputs
  • Invoke the web service using the client or skeleton code
  • Client or skeleton code generation and response verification
  • Verify that the actual response is similar to that of the expected outcome

Web Services Testing Tools

There are various web services testing tools available, such as ManageEngine, QEngine, SoapUI, TestMaker, WebInject toolsets etc.  These tools are built on open source tools/libraries/frameworks and thus help reduce overall costs and help increase automation efficiency by minimizing initial coding effort. These tools help to quickly create and execute automated functional, regression, compliance and loading tests. Finally, they help reduce dependency on technically skilled resources. In today’s fast paced world, a quicker test cycle at lower cost is vital to stay competitive and thus reusable test automation frameworks coupled with open source tools and technologies is a key solution to shrink test cycle time and related costs.

There are Web Services test automation frameworks available that are designed and developed by many testing service providers and adopting them reflects more effectiveness. Some of their important features & benefits are detailed below.

Web Services Test Automation Framework Features

  • Customizable frameworks developed based on the need
  • Flexible test suites and test cases can be configured
  • Enables test script creation with minimal coding effort
  • Instantly sets the headers and assertions for SOAP requests
  • Easily parses the XML requests with inputs
  • Minimal or no scripting required from the end user
  • Enhanced reports and logs provided for reference and future action

Benefits by Adopting Web Services Test Automation Frameworks

  • Improves performance and reliability of the SOA
  • Eases testing of both SOA-based and REST API-based web services
  • Supports test execution of web services in a cloud environment
  • Ensures 100% Functional Test coverage

Gallop Solutions, with years of automation expertise in open source technologies have developed Web Service Test Accelerator (WSTA). It is a proprietary, easy to use framework and automates the web services testing of SOA-based applications at the interface level and reduces the need to support testing in parallel to the development phase. The accelerator supports both functional testing and performance testing of the web services and reduces test case authoring effort by 80%.

Contact Gallop’s WSTA specialists to know more about this framework.

The opinions expressed in this blog are author's and don't necessarily represent Gallop's positions, strategies or opinions.